top of page


Professor Shelley Wall





Adobe Illustrator


April 2021


General, health care providers and patients alike. 


This comic uses personal narrative to educate the reader on the history of the speculum and trauma informed care. The comic explores visual metaphors, patterns and color, and a well drafted story arc to tactfully engage the reader. 




Adrienne A. Williams & Mozella Williams (2013) A Guide to Performing Pelvic Speculum Exams: A Patient-Centered Approach to Reducing Iatrogenic Effects, Teaching and Learning in Medicine, 25:4, 383-391, DOI: 10.1080/10401334.2013.827969


Asiedu, M. N., Agudogo, J., Krieger, M. S., Miros, R., Proeschold-Bell, R. J., Schmitt, J. W., & Ramanujam, N. (2017). Design and preliminary analysis of a vaginal inserter for speculum-free cervical cancer screening. PloS one, 12(5), e0177782.


Bates, C. K., Carroll, N., & Potter, J. (2011). The Challenging Pelvic Examination. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 26(6), 651–657.

Cadogan, R. L. A. M. (2020, November 4). Marie Boivin. Life in the Fast Lane • LITFL.


Carter, S., Rad, M., Schwarz, B., Van Sell, S., & Marshall, D. (2013). Creating a more positive patient experience of pelvic examination. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners, 25(11), 611–618.


Freeman L. (2018). Condom use to aid cervical visualization during speculum examination. Canadian family physician Medecin de famille canadien, 64(4), 297–298.


Gina A Taylor, Deana McDonagh & Michael J Hansen (2017) Improving the

Pelvic Exam Experience: A Human-Centered Design Study, The Design Journal, 20:sup1, S2348-S2362, DOI: 10.1080/14606925.2017.1352750


Holland, B. (2020, December 18). The ‘Father of Modern Gynecology’ Performed Shocking

Experiments on Enslaved Women. HISTORY.



Kadioglu S, Uzel I. A classical wooden vaginal speculum mentioned in old medical manuscripts. Arch Iran Med. 2017; 20(3):193-195


Weitlauf, J. C., Finney, J. W., Ruzek, J. I., Lee, T. T., Thrailkill, A., Jones, S., & Frayne, S. M. (2008). Distress and Pain During Pelvic Examinations. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 112(6), 1343–1350.

Magazine template found at <a href="">Mockup psd created by freepik -</a>

bottom of page